– MSE 410 (formerly 310)/ECE 340 – Electrical Properties of Materials –
Prof. Bill Knowlton, Boise State University
Blackboard Access or ITC Course Syllabus & Objectives *
Electronic Course Evaluation: Old & New
Academic Calendar (e.g., Last day to add/drop, other deadlines)
Text Book: Principles of Electronic Materials and Devices, S.O. Kasap, 3rd Edition (McGrawHill, 2005) 0073104647 Website: http://www.kasap.usask.ca/
Course Time/Days/Place: 10:30 – 11:45 am; TTh; MEC 307
Office Hours: Tues: noon1 pm and Wed: 23pm (my office – ERB 3125); will cancel one of them if low attendance; or by appointment, send email (please do not call during office hours)
Discussion Section: Monday: 23 pm (8/28: ENGR 215; Thereafter: ERB 1127); Wed: 34pm (Engineering Tutor Center – Grant Street Annex)
Final Exam: Date: Thursday, December 14, 2017; Time: 10 – noon; Room: MEC 307
Webbased Textbooks Related to the Course:
 Principles of Semiconductor Devices (Prof. Bart Van Zeghbroeck, U. ColoradoBoulder)
Available Computer Labs & Software In College of Engineering
Mathematica Help: “Handson Start to Mathematica” is an online training screen casts & videos: http://www.wolfram.com/broadcast/ ; Learning Center: http://www.wolfram.com/support/learn/;
Mathematica Workshops: A.
Problem Sets and Solutions:
1st Assignment: Due by Thursday 1st week of classes I. Send me an email to bknowlton@boisestate.edu using your preferred email address stating: 1) whether or not you would be willing to share your email address with other class members so that: a) I can send out class wide emails for problem set clarifications & other course information; and b) you and your classmates can email each other for questions or clarifications on lectures, class notes, problem sets or course subject matter. 2) Let me know if want pdf versions of Mathematica Ch. 0 & 1. (Due Thurs 1st week of classes) II: Below, under the headings “Course Review Notes” & “Course Lecture Notes”, download all the notes in a format that you can easily access and bring to class on Thursday (& each class there after). If you prefer to load them onto your laptop or tablet computer and access them during class, that is fine. (Due Thurs 1st week of classes) III: Problem Set 0 (See belowDue Thurs 1st week of classes)* Note: Part I and II are worth 2 pts toward Problem Set 0 if they are done by the due date. 

Problem Set 0 (Due Thurs 1st week of classes)* Mathematica Data Plotting & Fitting Example*; Band Diagram Program; Zipped AuTa2O5Au.bds file or the File is in my folder on the Wdrive. Tutorial – Band Diagram Program  Problem Set 0 Solutions* 
Problem Set 1 – Part 1: *Watch Review Lectures 19 of the “Course Videos” which you can find on this website further below (Due: Tues 8/29) – Note: there will be a quiz on this material on Tues 8/29. Part 2: Assignment (Due: Thurs 8/31)  Problem Set 1 Solutions* 
Problem Set 2 (Due: Thurs)*
MRS Bulletin Paper on Diffusion – H. Bracht* Digitizing data from graphs: 1. graph digitizer comparisons; 2. WebPlotDigitizer; Note: Data Analysis, Fitting Data and Error Analysis of Data Fitting – 
Problem Set 2 Solutions* 
Problem Set 3 (Due: Thurs)* XPS csv data – zip file; Note: Two Mathematica modules can help you with the ABET problem: Module 6 and Module 4.Digitizing data from graphs: 1. graph digitizer comparisons; 2. WebPlotDigitizer;Note: Data Analysis, Fitting Data and Error Analysis of Data Fitting – [1] H. Motulsky & A. Christopoulos, “Fitting Models to Biological Data using Linear and Nonlinear Regression A practical Guide to Curve Fitting, Version 4 (GraphPad Prism; 2003) p. 1351. [2] Interpreting Regression Results – from OriginLabs. 
Problem Set 3 Solutions* 
Problem Set 4 (Due: Thurs )*  Problem Set 4 Solutions* 
Problem Set 5 (Due: Thurs )*
Note: For problems 35, the Course Website’s Ch. 3 Quantum Mechanics video lectures and video notes (see section “Course Videos” below) on the Infinite Potential Barrie Step and the Finite Potential Barrier Step will be very helpful. 
Problem Set 5 Solutions* 
Problem Set 6 – DFT Module (Due: Friday )*  Problem Set 6 Solutions* 
Problem Set 7 (Due: Thurs)*  Problem Set 7 Solutions* 
Problem Set 8 (Due: Thurs)*  Problem Set 8 Solutions* 
Problem Set 9 (Due: Thurs )*  Problem Set 9 Solutions* 
Problem Set 10 (Due Thurs )*  Problem Set 10 Solutions* 
Problem Set 11 (Due Thurs)* – Data Set (.cvs)
Journal Articles by S. Nakamura (Physics Nobel Laureate for Blue LED & LD) to aid in answering the LED questions: APL 1993; APL 1994 NOTE: For those that will be using Mathematica to fit or to extract a peak maximum, the following Mathematica Modules may be of help.

Problem Set 11 Solutions* 
Problem Set 12 (Due Thurs)*
It might be helpful to review the Band Diagram Tutorial you watched for Problem Set 0. See: Tutorial – Band Diagram Program; Ryan Thompson email address: RyanThompson0123@icloud.com 
Problem Set 12 Solutions* 
Problem Set 13 (Due Thurs)*  Problem Set 13* 
*: need Adobe Acrobat Reader to open
Mathematica Modules:
https://user.wolfram.com/portal/requestAK/b24a0717088a998542846ccaf12e41ddbfe4348f.
Module 1 – Tutorials
 “Handson Start to Mathematica” is an online 8part series of free training tutorials/videos that introduce key features of Mathematica”: Part 1 (Notebooks); Part 2 (Methods to get Started), Part 3 (Basic Calculations); Part 4 (Basic Graphics); Part 5 (Making Interactive Models), Part 6 (Utilizing Data); Part 7 (Presentations); Part 8 (Complete Example);
 In A Student’s Introduction to Mathematica screencast, you’ll get an introduction to Mathematica and learn how it can help you tackle any type of problem—numeric or symbolic, theoretical or experimental, largescale or small.
Module 2 – Mathematica as a Word Processor
Module 3 – Lists, Rules, NSolve & Word processing
 Rules & Sys of Eqns Example – extracting a particular answer from a list of solutions of a systems of equations
 Performing operations on a list of {x,y} data.( e.g., {x,y}>{x,Log[y]} )
Module 4 – Plotting Multiple Variables & Suppressing Plots – Table, Range, Evaluate
 Combining Plots & ListPlots on One Plot with Legends, Text and Arrows (updated 3/10/14)
 Vertical and Horizontal Lines (updated 9/26/17)
 Two xaxes or Two yaxes (updated 11/21/14)
 See video on PlotMarkers (i.e., symbols for data)
Module 5 – Operators & Complex Conjugates (Example: pdf file)
Module 6 – Fitting data and extracting values
 Fitting Imported Data (Data 1, Data 2, Data 3); (Fitting Data Example – updated 4/22/07)
 Linear & NonLinear Fitting Data & R^{2} – (updated 9/06/10);
 NonLinear Fitting: Initial Values & Constraining Values to a Range for Fit Parameters & Fitting Only Part of a Data Set – (updated 9/18/17)
 Manipulate[ ] to Fit Imported Data– (updated 9/09/11);
 Extracting Max Peak Value – for a data set that includes a peak, this program will extract the maximum yvalue of the peak (11/16/11)
 Information on Fitting Data: Data Analysis, Fitting Data and Error Analysis of Data Fitting
[1] H. Motulsky & A. Christopoulos, “Fitting Models to Biological Data using Linear and Nonlinear Regression A practical Guide to Curve Fitting, Version 4 (GraphPad Prism; 2003) p. 1351.; [2] Interpreting Regression Results – from OriginLabs
Module 7 – Matrix & Linear Algebra
Module 8 – Solving Differential Equations Using DSolve & NDSolve
Module 9 – Arrows, Text and Legends (use of Epilog[ ]) Another version (see Module 4)
Module 10 – Solving Linear equations and plotting the answers
Module 11 – Special Functions
Math Program Links & Examples
Tutorials:
 “Handson Start to Mathematica” is an online 8part series of free training tutorials/videos that introduce key features of Mathematica”: Part 1 (Notebooks); Part 2 (Methods to get Started), Part 3 (Basic Calculations); Part 4 (Basic Graphics); Part 5 (Making Interactive Models), Part 6 (Utilizing Data); Part 7 (Presentations); Part 8 (Complete Example);
 In A Student’s Introduction to Mathematica screencast, you’ll get an introduction to Mathematica and learn how it can help you tackle any type of problem—numeric or symbolic, theoretical or experimental, largescale or small.
Useful Mathematica Help Tools:
 Mathematica’s “How To’s” describes how to perform particular tasks using Mathematica, providing stepbystep instructions for typical cases.
 Wolfram Community – a forum to ask questions and receive feedback for using Mathematica.
Bill’s Mathematica Help Page for Beginners (provides links similar to below)
Compares Mathematica, Maple, Matlab: Brief Description; Compare Commands; Syntax Differences
Mathematica: Information Center; Math Groups & Forums; Student Forum
Quizzes & Midterms: (Note: If you want a Quiz Learning Objective posted, please let me know by Fri before 5pm)
Quiz 1 Learning Objectives  Midterm Practice Exam 
Quiz 2 Learning Objectives  
Quiz 3 Learning Objectives  
Quiz 4 Learning Objectives  
Quiz 5 Learning Objectives  
Quiz 6 Learning Objectives  
Quiz 7 Learning Objectives  Final Exam: Thursday, December 14, 2017; Time: 10 – noon; Room: MEC 307 
Quiz 8 Learning Objectives  
Quiz 9 Learning Objectives  
Quiz 10 Learning Objectives  
Quiz 11 Learning Objectives  Test your knowledge (no name quiz) 
Lab:
Optoelectronics: pdf version & MSWord version 
(Due: First Monday in December by 5pm)
Worth 100 points; Treat as two problem sets for grading purposes
Grade sheet
Information on Writing Journal Articles:
– Presentation: Anatomy of a Journal Article
– Guidelines: Template of a Journal Article
– Presentation: Anatomy of a Paragraph
– IEEE Transactions Style sheet in Word Files
– Writing Guidelines for Engineering and Science Students
LED Articles (for educational purposes only): one , two , three & four
All articles provide LED information. The 1st two are some of the 1st reports of blue LEDs. The second two provide nice examples – both the organization and syntax – in which to write the lab report.
Note: The following ABET Program Outcome will be assessed for your report, so please make sure you are demonstrating the outcomes in your report:
j. A knowledge of contemporary issues.
Optoelectronics–Photonics Lab Schedule (ET 104 – Prof. Wan Kuang’s Photonics Lab) – Note: need to knock on door to be allowed in since it is a laser lab.
Total Students:
Labs will consist of ~3 Groups of ~34 Students per Group
1. Monday, November 11; 910:30am  2. Tuesday, November 12; 45:30pm  3. Friday, November 15; 45:30pm 
1.  1.  1. 
2.  2.  2. 
3.  3.  3. 
4.  4.  4. 
5.  5.  5. 
6.  6.  6. 
4. Thursday, November  5. Friday, November  6. Friday, November 
1.  1.  1. 
2.  2.  2. 
3.  3.  3. 
4.  4.  4. 
5.  5.  
6.  6. 
Other:
Formula Sheet* (updated 10/4/17) 
Bill’s Mathematica Help Page for Beginners
Course Videos:


 Review Lecture 1 (updated) – Thermodynamics versus Kinetics – A Comparison (Companion to Review Notes below)
 Review Lecture 2 – 1st & 2nd Law of Thermodynamics (Companion to Thermodynamics Review Notes below)
 Review Lecture 3 – FEOT & FEOT’s Differential Forms (Companion to Thermodynamics Review Notes below)
 Review Lecture 4 – Coefficient Relationships in Thermodynamics (Companion to Thermodynamics Review Notes below)
 Review Lecture 5 – Maxwell Relationships in Thermodynamics (Companion to Thermodynamics Review Notes below)
 Review Lecture 6 – Diffusion – Part 1 (Companion to Diffusion Review Notes)
 Review Lecture 7 – Diffusion – Part 2a – Plots of Fick’s 2nd Law (Companion to Diffusion Review Notes)
 Review Lecture 8 – Diffusion – Part 2b – Solns to Fick’s 2nd Law (Companion to Diffusion Review Notes)
 Review Lecture 9 – Thermally Activated Processes (Companion to Thermally Activated Processes – Kinetics Notes)
 Tutorial – Band Diagram Program
 Makeup Lecture
 Arrhenius Behavior – Linearizing the Arrhenius equation and finding Ea from an Arrhenius plot (log base 10 and base e)
 Chapter 3: Quantum Mechanics
 Normalizing a Hydrogen Wave Function – Geometry of problem is spherical, so integration is performed in the spherical, or polar, coordinate system. (Video Notes
 Expectation Value of x, <x> – writing the general form and listing the steps to find the expectation value of x. (Video Notes – Expectation Value of x, <x>)
 Potential Energy Barriers:
 Chapter 4: Band Theory
 KronigPenney Model: Video & Video Notes KronigPenney Model (adapted from Robert Pierret, “Advanced Semiconductor Fundamentals”, (AddisonWesley, 1987), Ch. 3)
 Chapter 5: Semiconductors
 Intrinsic Semiconductors (Free carrier statistics) – Video Notes
 Extrinsic Semiconductors – Video Notes
 Part 1: Octet Rule – IV, IIIV & IIV Semiconductors: Video (QuestionOctet Rule)
 Part 2: Doping: Video (Question Doping)
 Part 3: Hydrogenic Model: Video (QuestionHydrogenic Model)
 Part 4: Derivation of n (free carrier statistics) for Extrinsic Semiconductors: Video (QuestionDerivation of n)
 Part 5: Freezeout Curves – Cases of n: Video (QuestionFreezeout Curves)
 Phonons – Video Notes
 Part 1: Fundamentals – Video (QuestionsFundamentals)
 Part II: Phonon & Impurity Scattering Effects on Mobility in Extrinsic Semiconductors – Video (Questions Phonon)
 Part III: Local Vibrational Modes Video (QuestionsLocal Vibrational Modes)
 Part IV: Phonon Detector – Video (Questions)
 Chapter 6 – Devices
 Part 1 – Video Notes
 MetalMetal Junctions – Video (Questionsi – print, answer, turn in at beginning of class)
 Image Potential (Force) – Video (Questionsii – print, answer, turn in at beginning of class)
 Seebeck Effect – Video (Questionsiii – print, answer, turn in at beginning of class)
 MetalSemiconductor Junctions – Video (Questionsiv – print, answer, turn in at beginning of class)
 Part 2 – Homojunctions
 pn Junctions – Video Notes; Questions print, answer, turn in at beginning of class
 npn Junctions (bipolar transistor) Band Diagrams – Video Notes – Questionsnpn Junctions
 Part 3 – Semiconductor Heterojunction Band Diagrams – video notes
 Part 4 – MOS Heterostructures
 MOS Basics – video notes
 MOS – Quantum Effects – video notes
 PolySilicon Depletion (poly depletion) – Video – QuestionsPolySilicon
 Quantum Confinement – Video – QuestionsQuantum Confinement
 DIBL – Video – Questions
 GIDL – Video – Questions
 Strain Engineering – Video Questions
 Tunnel FETs
 Highk Dielectric Materials for SiO2 Gate Oxide Replacement – video notes
 Additional Videos: Band Diagram Tutorial & Answering InClass Exercise Problem 6 Using Band Diagram Diagram Program
 Part 1 – Video Notes

DFT Module:
DFT Video – Intro to Computational Modeling
DFT Video 2 – Input Parameters for SIESTA Simulation
Problem Set – DFT
Article – Electronic and Structural Distortions in Graphene Induced by Carbon Vacancies and Boron Doping
Class Lecture Slides
Ch.4 Electronic Structure Methods – DFT (by Lesar)*
DFT MustRemember Notes*
Course Review Notes:
Outline of Review Notes*
Atomic Structure Notes*
Bonding Notes*
Crystallography Review Notes*
Thermodynamics Notes*
Diffusion Notes*
Thermally Activated Processes – Kinetics Notes*
Point Defect Lecture Notes*
Line Defect Lecture Notes*
Planar & Bulk Defect Lecture Notes*
COURSE LECTURE NOTES:
Chapter 3 Course Notes:
Dynamical Variables in QM*
Integrals Common to QM: (1) Bill’s Examples; (These integrals were taken from the following: (a) Bill’s Examples; (b) From McKelveySolid State Physics**)
Chapter 4 Course Notes:
Band Theory: KronigPenney, Ek and Others*
Shockley’s View of Band Theory and Fee Electrons & Holes*
LCAO Notes*
Chapter 5 – Course Notes:
Intrinsic Semiconductors: Density of States, Fermi Distribution & n & p*
Phonons*
Workfunctions of some Metals*
Effective Mass Theory (Hydrogenic Model)*
Dopant Energy Levels (Ge, Si, & GaAs)*
Extrinsic Semiconductors Notes – Part I – Free Carrier Statistics*
Extrinsic Semiconductors Notes (from your book) – Part 2 – Phonon & Impurity Scattering*
Chapter 6 – Course Device Notes:
Part 1: MetalMetal & MetalS/C Contacts/Junctions*
Part 2: pn & pnp or npn Junctions*
Part 3: IIIV & IIVI Heterostructure Junctions*
Part 3(cont.): IIIV & IIVI Heterostructure Junctions Part 3 (cont.)*
Part 4: MOS Heterostructure Junctions*
Part 5: Quantum Effects in MOS Devices*
Part 6: High Dielectric Constant (k) Materials for MOS Devices*
Part 7: Molecular Electronics At the Nanoscale*
Boise State Energy Band Diagram Simulation Tool for Multilayer MOS and MIM Devices & Tutorial Video
Notes:
MRS Bulletin Paper on Diffusion – H. Bracht*
Formation & Migration Energies of Vacancies (Paper 1)*
Formation & Migration Energies of Vacancies (Paper 2)*
Elementary QM*
Heterojunctions – Three 2001 Nobel Prize Papers & 1 1967:
1st paper – Alferov – Double Heterostructures*
2nd paper – Kroemer – Band Offsets in Heterostructures*
3rd paper – Nevill Mott – Amorphous S/Cs & Nonconductors* 1977
4th paper – Heeger – S/C Polymers*
Days I will be Traveling: (we will make up these days)


 Makeup Lectures:

Links:
*: need Acrobat Reader to read the file