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Publications List:


*corresponding author, ‡ undergraduate, #RET

Publications after joining BSU:

42. Ma, C.; Li, X.; Deng, C.; Hu, Y.-Y.; Lee, S.; Liao, X.; He, Y.; Ma, Z.; Xiong, H.* “Coaxial Carbon Nanotube Supported TiO2@MoO2@Carbon Core–Shell Anode for Ultrafast and High-Capacity Sodium Ion Storage“, ACS Nano 2018Article ASAP, DOI: 10.1021/acsnano.8b07811

41. Ma, C.; Deng, C.; Liao, X.; He, Y.; Ma, Z.; Xiong, H.* “Urchin-like MoP Nanocrystals Embedded in N-Doped Carbon as High Rate Lithium Ion Battery Anode“, ACS Applied Energy Materials 2018,  DOI:10.1021/acsaem.8b01580

40. C. Deng, P. Skinner,‡ Y. Liu, M. Sun, W. Tong, C. Ma, M. Lau,‡ R. Hunt,‡ P. Barnes, J. Xu,* and H. Xiong* “Li-Substituted Layered Spinel Cathode Material for Sodium Ion Batteries“, Chem. Mater.Article ASAP, DOI: 10.1021/acs.chemmater.8b02614


39. Ma, C.; Deng, C.; Liao, X.; He, Y.; Ma, Z.*; Xiong, H.* “Nitrogen and Phosphorus Codoped Porous Carbon Framework as Anode Material for High Rate Lithium-Ion Batteries“, ACS Applied Mater. & Interfaces 2018 10 (43), 36969-36975

38. Ma, C.; Fu, Z.; Deng, C.; Liao, X.; He, Y.; Ma, Z.*; Xiong, H.* “Carbon-coated FeP nanoparticles anchored on carbon nanotube networks as an anode for long-life sodium-ion storage“, Chem Commun 2018, DOI: 10.1039/C8CC06291A.

37. A. I. Savva, K. Smith, M. Lawson, S. R. Croft‡, A. E. Weltner‡, C. D. Jones‡, H. Bull#, P. J. Simmonds, L. Li and H. C. Xiong*, “Defect Generation in TiO2 Nanotube Anodes via Heat Treatment in Various Atmospheres for Lithium-Ion Batteries “, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2018, DOI: 10.1039/C8CP04368J.

 *Highlighted by PCCP Editors and featured in 2018 HOT articles collection 

36. Barnes, P.; Savva, A.; Dixon K.‡ ; Bull, H.#; Rill, L.‡ ; Karsann, D.‡ ; Croft, S.‡ ; Schimpf, J.‡  and H. Xiong* “Electropolishing valve metals with a sulfuric acid-methanol electrolyte at low temperature“, Surface & Coatings Technology, 2018347, 150–156. 

35.  Smith, K.; Savva, A.; Wu, Y.; Tenne, D.; Butt, D.P.; Wharry, J. P.* and Xiong, H.* “Effects of intermediate energy heavy-ion irradiation on the microstructure of rutile TiO2 single crystalJournal of the American Ceramic Society, 2018, 101 (9), 4357 – 4366. DOI: 10.1111/jace.15576

34. Deng, C; Lau, M‡; Barkholtz, H.M.; Xu, H.; Parrish, R.‡; Xu, M.; Xu, T.; Liu, Y.; Wang, H.; Connell, J.G.; Smith, K.A.; Xiong, H.* “Amorphous boron nanorod as an anode material for lithium-ion batteries at room temperature” Nanoscale, 2017, 9, 10757-10763 .

image of Amorphous boron nanorod as an anode

33. Smith, K.; Savva, A.; Deng C.; Wharry, J. P.; Hwang, S.; Su, D.; Wang, Y.; Gong, J.; Xu, T.; Butt, D.P.; Xiong, H.* “Effects of Proton Irradiation on Structural and Electrochemical Charge Storage Properties of TiO2 Nanotube Electrode for Lithium-ion BatteriesJournal of Materials Chemistry A, 2017, 5, 11815-11824 .

Image of Effects of Proton Irradiation on Structural and Electrochemical Charge Storage Properties of TiO2 Nanotube Electrode for Lithium-ion Batteries

32. Smith, K.; Parrish, R.‡; Wei, W.; Liu, Y.; Li, T.; Hu, Y. H.; Xiong, H.* “Disordered 3D Multi-layer Graphene Anode Material from CO2 for Sodium-Ion BatteriesChemSusChem, 2016, 9, 1397 – 1402. DOI: 10.1002/cssc.201600117.


31. Shakourian-Fard, M.; Kamath, G.; Smith, K.; Xiong, H. & Sankaranarayanan, S. K. R. S. “Trends in Na-Ion Solvation with Alkyl-Carbonate Electrolytes for Sodium-Ion Batteries: Insights from First-Principles Calculations” J. Phys. Chem. C2015, 119, 22747 – 22759. 


30.  Zhang, J.; Rowland, C.; Liu, Y.; Xiong, H.; Kwon, S.; Shevchenko; Schaller, R.D.; Prakapenka, V.B.; Tkachev, S.; Tijana, R. “Evolution of Self-Assembled ZnTe Magic-Sized NanoclustersJ. Am. Chem. Soc., 2015, 137, 742 -749.

Abstract Image

29. Kamath, G.; Cutler, R.; Deshmukh, S.A.; Shakourian-Fard, M.; Parrish, R.; Huether, J.; Butt, D.; Xiong, H.* & Sankaranarayanan, S. K. R. S.* “In silico Based Rank-order Determination and Experiments On Non-aqueous Electrolytes For Sodium Ion Battery Applications” J. Phys. Chem. C2014, 118, 13406−13416.

coverart_jpcc.ppt-328. Xiong, H.*; Yildirim, H.;Podsiadlo, P.; Zhang, J.; Prakapenka, V.B.; Greeley, J.P.;Shevchenko, E.V.; Zhuravlev, K.K.; Tkachev, S.; Sankaranarayanan, S.K.R.S.* and Rajh, T.* “Compositional Tuning of Structural Stability of Lithiated Cubic Titania via Vacancy Filling Mechanism under High Pressure“, Phys. Rev. Lett.2013, 110, 078304.

dacPublications before joining BSU:

27. Bahns, J. T.; Sankaranarayanan, S.K.R.S.; Giebink, N. C.; Xiong, H. and Gray, S. K. “Optically Directed Mesoscale Assembly and Patterning of Electrically Conductive Organic-Inorganic Hybrid Structures”, Adv. Mater.2012, 24, OP242–OP246. 


26. Koo, B.; Xiong, H.; Slater, M.; Prakapenka, V.B.; Balasubramanian, M; Podsiadlo, P.; Johnson, C.S.; Rajh T. and Shevchenko, E.V. “Hollow Iron Oxide Nanoparticles for Application in Lithium Ion Batteries” Nano Lett.201212, 2429-2435. nl-2012-004286_000725. Urgun-Demirtas, M.; Benda, P. L.; Gillenwater, P. S.; Negri, M. C.; Xiong, H. and Snyder, S. W. “Achieving Very Low Mercury Levels in Refinery Wastewater by Membrane Filtration”  J. Hazard. Mater.2012215–216, 98-107. Link

24. Xiong, H.; Yildirim, H.; Shevchenko, E.V.; Prakapenka, V.B.; Koo, B.; Slater, M.; Balasubramanian, M.; Sankaranarayanan, S.K.R.S.; Greeley, J.; Tepavcevic, S.; Dimitrijevic, N.M.; Podsiadlo, P.; Johnson, C.S. and Rajh T.“Self-Improving Anode for Lithium Ion Batteries Based on Amorphous to Cubic Phase Transition in TiO2 Nanotubes” J. Phys. Chem. C2012116, 3181-3187. jp-2011-10793u_0006

23. Tepavcevic, S.; Xiong, H.; Stamenkovic, V.; Zuo, X.; Balasubramanian, M.; Prakapenka, V.B.; Johnson, C.S. and Rajh T. “Bilayered Vanadium Oxide Electrodes for Rechargeable Sodium Batteries” ACS Nano20116, 530-538. nn-2011-03869a_0008

22. Xiong, H.; Slater, M.; Balasubramanian, M.; Johnson, C.S. and Rajh T. “Amorphous TiO2 Nanotube Anode for Rechargeable Sodium Ion Batteries” J. Phys. Chem. Lett.20112, 2560-2565. jz-2011-012066_0005

21. Kim, J.; Xiong, H.; Hofmann, M.; Kong, J.; Amemiya, S.“Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy of Individual Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes” Anal. Chem.201082, 1605-1607. JKIM-AC

20. Xiong, H.; Lai, B.-K.; Johnson, A. C.; Ramanathan, S. “Low-temperature Electrochemical Characterization of Dense Ultra-thin Lanthanum Strontium Cobalt Ferrite (La0.6Sr0.4Co0.8Fe0.2O3) Cathodes Synthesized by RF-sputtering on Nanoporous Alumina-supported Y-doped Zirconia Membranes” J. Power Sources, 2009193, 589-592. Xiong-jps

19. Lai, B.-K.; Xiong, H.; Tsuchiya, M.; Johnson, A. C.; Ramanathan, S. “Microstructure and Microfabrication Considerations for Self-supported On-chip Ultra-thin Micro-Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Membranes” Fuel Cells, 20095, 699-710.

18. Lai, B.-K.; Johnson, A. C.; Xiong, H.; Ramanathan, S. “Ultra-thin Nanocrystalline Lanthanum Strontium Cobalt Ferrite (La0.6Sr0.4Co0.8Fe0.2O3-δ) Films Synthesis by RF-Sputtering and Temperature-Dependent Conductivity Studies” J. Power Sources, 2009186, 115-122.

17. Johnson, A. C.; Lai, B.-K.; Xiong, H.; Ramanathan, S. “An Experimental Investigation into Micro-fabricated Solid Oxide Fuel Cells with Ultra-thin La0.6Sr0.4Co0.8Fe0.2O3 cathodes and yttria-doped zirconia electrolyte films” J. Power Sources2009186, 252-260. johnson-jps

16. Xiong, H.; Kim, J.;Kim, E.; Amemiya, S.“Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy of One-Dimensional Nanostructure: Effects of Nanostructure Dimensions on the Tip Feedback Current under Unbiased Conditions”  J. Electroanal. Chem.2009629, 78-86.xiong-jeac

15. Kim, E.; Xiong, H.; Striemer, C. C.; Fang, D. Z.; Fauchet, P. M.; McGrath, J. L.; Amemiya, S.“A Structure–Permeability Relationship of Ultrathin Nanoporous Silicon Membrane: A Comparison with the Nuclear Envelope” J. Am. Chem. Soc.2008130, 4230-4231. ja711258wn00001

14. Xiong, H.; Guo, J.; Amemiya, S. “Probing Heterogeneous Electron Transfer at an Unbiased Conductor by Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy in the Feedback Mode” Anal. Chem., 200779, 2735-2744. xiong-ac2007

13. Amemiya, S.; Guo, J.; Xiong, H.; Gross, D. A. “Biological Applications of Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy: Chemical Imaging of Single Living Cells and Beyond (invited review)” Anal. Bioanal. Chem., 2006, 386, 458-471.

12. Xiong, H.; Gross, D. A.; Guo, J.; Amemiya, S. “Local Feedback Mode of Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy for Electrochemical Characterization of One-Dimensional Nanostructure: Theory and Experiment with Nanoband Electrode as Model Substrate” Anal. Chem., 200678, 1946-1957. xiong-ac2006

11. Zhong, G. Q.; Xiong, H.; Jia, Y. Q. “Synthesis, Crystal Structure, Relative Content of the Mn4+ Ion, Tolerance Factor and Catalytic Property of La1-xCaxMnO(x = 0.0-1.0)” Mater. Chem. Phys., 200591, 10-16.

10. Xiong, H.; Guo, J.; Kurihara, K.; Amemiya, S. “Fabrication and Characterization of Conical Microelectrode Probes Templated by Selectively Etched Optical Fibers for Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy” Electrochem. Comm., 20046, 615-620. xiong-ec

9. Lu, Y.; Xiong, H.; Jiang, X.; Xia, Y.; Prentiss, M.; Whitesides, G. M. “Asymmetric Dimers Can Be Formed by Dewetting Half-Shells of Gold Deposited on the Surfaces of Spherical Oxide Colloids” J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2003125, 12724-12725. Lu-jacs

8. Song, Y. W.; Ma, Y.; Xiong, H.; Jia, Y. Q.; Liu, M. L.; Jin, M. Z.“Synthesis, Crystal Structure, Moessbauer Spectra and Dielectric Property of La1-xSrxFe1-xTixO3 (x = 0, 0.1, 0.3, 0.5, 0.7, 1)”  Mater. Chem .Phys., 200378, 660-665. 

7. Li, X. L.; Song, Y. W.; Xiong, H.; Jia, Y. Q.; Matsushita, N.; Xuan, Y. “Synthesis, Crystal Structure and Magnetic Property of Sm2-xCoxTi2-xNbxO(x=0, 0.2, 0.4)” Mater. Chem. Phys., 200377, 625-631.

6. Li, X. L.; Ma, Y.; Xiong, H.; Jia, Y. Q.; Zhao, X. H.; Ruan, S. K.; Du, J. “Synthesis and Magnetic Properties of New Pyrochlore Compounds Sm1.6M0.4Ti1.6Nb0.4O7 (M = Cu, Ni)” Phys. Status Solidi A., 2002194, 331-337.

5. Zhang, G. J.; Song, Y. W.; Xiong, H.; Zheng, J. Y.; Jia, Y. Q. “Synthesis and Crystal Structure of La0.9Ca0.1Cr1-xNixO3 (x = 0.0-1.0) and Electric Conductivity of La0.9Ca0.1Cr0.5Ni0.5O3” Mater. Chem. Phys., 200273, 101-105.

4. Xiong, H.; Zhang, G. J.; Zheng, J. Y.; Jia, Y. Q. “Synthesis, Crystal Structure and Electric Conductivity of La0.9Ca0.1Cr0.5B0.5O3 (B=Mn, Fe, Ni)” Mater. Lett., 200151, 61-67.

3. Zhang, G. J.; Xiong, H.; Zheng, J. Y.; Jia, Y. Q.; Xuan, Y.; Mizutani, N. “Relative Content of the Cr4+ Ion and Electrical Conductivity of La0.75Ca0.25Cr0.75Fe0.25O3” Mater. Chem. Phys., 200171, 84-89.

2. Zhao, X. H.; Ruan, S. K.; Du, J.; Liu, M. L.; Jin, M. Z.; Li, X. L.; Xiong, H.; Song, Y. W.; Jia, Y. Q.“Synthesis, Crystal Structure, Moessbauer Spectrum, and Magnetic Susceptibility of New Pyrochlore Compound CaNdFe1/2Nb3/2O7”  J. Solid State Chem., 2000154, 483-487.

1. Zhang, G. J.; Yang, J. G.; Xiong, H.; Jia, Y. Q.; Liu, M. L.; Jin, M. Z.“Moessbauer Spectra of 57Fe in La0.75M0.25Cr0.75Fe0.25O(M = Ca, Sr, Ba)” Phys. Status Solidi B, 2000221, 751-757.


1. Lai, B.K.; Johnson, A.C.; Xiong, H.;Ko, C. and Ramanathan, S. “Exploratory studies on silicon-based oxide fuel cell power sources incorporating ultra-thin nanostructured platinum and cerium oxide films as anode components” Future Trends in Microelectronics: Unmapped Roads, Wiley-IEEE Press, (Ed. A Zaslavsky, J. Xu and S. Luryi) 2009


  • Johnson, C.J.; Xiong, H.; Rajh,T.; Schevchenko, E.; Tepavcevic, S. “High Capacity Electrode Materials for Batteries and Process for Their Manufacture” US patent 20140212733 and WO patent 2013048597, pending.